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World Geothermal Congress 2023

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Economic Challenges of Direct Utilization of Geothermal Energy In Iran

Low-temperature geothermal resources exist throughout entire Iran, and there is tremendous potential for new direct-use applications. Recent surveys identified many thermal springs and low- to moderate-temperature geothermal resource areas, and hundreds of potential direct-use sites. Directly using geothermal energy in homes and commercial operations is much more expensive than using fossil fuels in Iran because of highly subsidized fossil fuels in an oil reach country such as Iran. But the geothermal energy is also very clean, producing only a small percentage (and in many cases none) of the air pollutants emitted by burning fossil fuels. Thus governmental support for the development of these clean energy sources is required. Geothermal energy has immense potential to contribute to our clean energy future. In this paper, we described how the new Iranian legislation on green energy development can be changed to have effective support for the development of geothermal energy in the future. Government can help bring this cleaner energy future to reality by increasing funding for geothermal research, development, and demonstration; streamlining permitting; offering financial incentives to ease geothermal’s adoption into the marketplace; and more.

Mahshid Noorollahi
University of Tehran

Davood Noorollahi



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